Among those seeking treatment in the emergency department, about 0.5-4.5%
it does so because of a headache that is not related to trauma.
Signs of 'red flag'
The following are some signs that a person should seek immediate medical attention related to their headache:
An unbearable painful headache within seconds to minutes headache that starts or changes in intensity when changing position , headache that begins when a person coughs, sneezes, or presses endless head .
A headache that starts after age 50 , headache associated with symptoms including fever, chills, night sweats, and unexpected weight loss , headache that starts despite the fact that the person does not have a history of headache or migraine significant increase in the frequency of headache or changes in headache characteristics :
chronic headaches that often occur in the same area
neurological symptoms, such as changes in vision, numbness or weakness in one side of the body, or changes in speech associated with red and painful eye.
If a person develops any of these symptoms, he or she should seek medical attention immediately.
A person should also seek medical attention immediately if they experience:
- a changed attitude
- facial loss or inability to move one side of the body
- headache and have a history of immune suppression due to a health condition such as HIV or cancer
- the sudden onset of severe, unbearable pain with visible migraine-related visual disturbances
- If a person experiences any of these symptoms, They should not try to drive themselves to the emergency room.
- A headache can indicate many medical emergencies. However, this is not always the only sign a person has.
Following are the symptoms, considerations, and options for treating emergency headaches.
The following paragraphs outline some of the reasons why a person might need to seek medical help for a headache.
Heat loss and heat loss
A person loses heat due to excessive salt and water loss. This usually happens because of excessive sweating.
- a headache
- elevated body temperature
- reducing urine output
- heavy sweating
The United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS) notes that when a person recovers within 30 minutes, fatigue does not subside. However, it can develop into heatstroke, which is a medical emergency.
Fever occurs when the body can no longer control its temperature. When a person is exposed to heat, their temperature can rise rapidly, within 10-15 minutes, to very high levels. It can be deadly if left untreated.
Symptoms of heatstroke include:
- confusion, vague speech
- a changed attitude
- hot, dry skin
- excessive sweating
- very high body temperature
If someone notices that someone nearby is showing signs of heatstroke .
Then they should take him to a shady, cool place and take off his clothes.
If a person suffers from fever, they should:
- go to a cool place
- lie down with their feet slightly raised
- drink plenty of water
- In both heat and cold, one should spray the skin or moisturize it with cold water.
They can use a fan to circulate the air to help cool. Cold, wet or ice cloths on the head, armpits, or hips can help with cooling.
A tumor on the brain
A tumor on the brain occurs when abnormal cells grow and divide in the brain. Because the skull does not allow for significant brain growth, the presence of a tumor can cause many symptoms, including headaches.
Headache may represent the growth of a brain tumor. Some people also have seizures.
In addition to headaches, the most common symptoms of a brain tumor in people who go to the emergency room are:
- a changed attitude
- visible changes
- to clean
- dizziness or fainting
Certain symptoms may vary based on the location of the tumor.
Treatment depends on the location of the tumor and whether it has spread or not. Options may include surgical removal, or radiation or chemotherapy to reduce the tumor.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, colorless gas that occurs when a person burns fuel in a car, stove, engine, lamp, grill, stove, gas cooker, or furnace.
An estimated 20,000 people a year visit the emergency room because of their exposure to carbon monoxide, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Carbon monoxide builds up more cells than oxygen in the blood. As a result, carbon monoxide cells can replace oxygen, which in turn can lead to respiration and death.
Additional symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include:
- to clean
- chest pain
Some people who sleep or drink alcohol may have no symptoms, which may increase the risk of death from carbon monoxide exposure.
Health professionals will treat carbon monoxide poisoning using oxygen and a medicine called methylene blue, which they administer in an intravenous (IV) line.
Carotid artery dissection
About 68% of people with carotid artery dissection will have a headache, according to a study in the journal BMJ Case Reports.
This condition occurs when there is a rupture in the layers of one of the carotid arteries that carry blood to the brain. As a result, blood can accumulate between the arteries.
Carotid artery dissection can lead to strokes, brain damage, and death.
Headaches that develop as a result of carotid artery dissection usually affect one side of the head, according to a study by the BMJ Case Reports.
A person may also experience neck pain, speech changes, and a slight blurred vision in one eye.
Treatment will depend on the symptoms and when in the carotid artery dissection discharge occurs. Options usually include:
- taking anticoagulants
- endovascular treatment
- undergoing surgery
Concussion is a brain injury that occurs as a result of a stroke or movement in the head. The movement affects the shape of the brain in the skull and can lead to damage to brain cells.
Left untreated, this can lead to brain damage, fainting, and death.
Headache or neck pain are common symptoms of conflict.
Other symptoms include:
- nausea or vomiting
- ringing in the ears
- weakness, numbness, or decreased communication
- sensitivity to sound or light
- vague speech
Treatment involves relaxing and reducing physical activity to allow the brain to cool down.
Treating symptoms is also important. For example, a primary care physician or neurologist should treat a headache early, and a psychiatrist should treat any feelings of depression or anxiety as soon as possible.
If a person has a hematoma, or blood clots outside the blood vessel, he may need surgery to remove or reduce it.
Hypertensive crisis occurs when a person's systolic blood pressure is above 180 mm of mercury (mm Hg) or a diastolic blood pressure is above 120 mm Hg, according to the American Heart Association (AHA).
If a person does not get immediate treatment, high blood pressure can lead to life-threatening conditions such as stroke, heart attack, pulmonary edema, or aortic dissection.
Headache is a common symptom when a person has high blood pressure, according to a long-term study by the American Journal of Hypertension.
Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, bleeding, and deep anxiety.
A doctor might take a person with a high blood pressure to the hospital.
Treatment includes drugs such as beta-blockers, thiazide diuretics, angiotensin receptor blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzymes.
Meningitis is an infection of the outer layers of the brain. It can develop as a result of a previous infection in the inner ear, anus, or another part of the body.
Untreated meningitis can lead to sepsis, which is a serious infection in the body that causes the organs to close.
As well as headaches, the symptoms of meningitis include:
- stiff neck
- to clean
- sensitivity to light
Doctors will usually treat meningitis with antibiotics.
There are two main types of stroke - ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke can occur when a blood clot stays in a vessel in the brain. A hemorrhagic stroke can occur as a result of bleeding in the brain.
If the doctor is not able to treat the stroke immediately, the person may become seriously disabled or die. Anyone with a stroke needs immediate medical attention.
Some additional features include:
- hanging face
- changes in a person's attitude
- weakness on one side of the body
- numbness on one side of the body
- to clean
- speech changes
Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
Options include taking medication for fractures and surgery to remove the clot or repair a damaged blood vessel.